Voltaire an essay on the customs and spirit of nations

voltaire essay on morals and customs

Divus Augustus, Divus Trajanus, meant St. He paid his debts, wrote to his friends, and even made some verses on the occasion. Charlevoix speaks in another place of twenty-two Hurons eaten by the Iroquois.

Essai sur les m?urs et lesprit des nations

These tragical stories which swarm in the English newspapers, have made the rest of Europe think that, in England, men kill themselves more willingly than elsewhere. The dukes and peers have encountered more difficulty in acquiring possession of the title of monseigneur. Arts and trades are learned only by example and practice. So that, from link to link, the destiny of the whole earth depended on the elopement Edition: current; Page: [59] of Helen, which had a necessary connection with the marriage of Hecuba, which, ascending to higher events, was connected with the origin of things. What St. It does not appear that you had spoken with the genius of Socrates, and though Heres, good man, rose again on purpose to tell you the secrets of the other world, he told you nothing of these substances. This illusion being the only recompense of their immense travail, we should not envy them its possession. In this precept self-murder seems no less to be comprised than murder of our neighbor. It is not very likely that they had the necessary apparatus; they had more need to provide themselves with meal. What secret disposition of organs, what sympathy, what concurrence of physical laws, occasions a father and his two sons to perish by their own hands, and by the same kind of death, precisely when they have attained such a year? But if there are cases in which it is allowable to kill our neighbor there likewise are cases in which it is allowable to kill ourselves. Marco Polo, who had not read the works of these two Arabs, says the same thing four hundred years after them. We have already treated on this property of the human race; it may not be amiss to add another paragraph.

But where did these poor devils, without breeches, find so much gold? Not the past conduct of the prisoner, a numerous family whom he had brought up virtuously, Edition: current; Page: [51] neither the little money found on him, nor the extreme probability of his innocence—nothing could save him.

We quit this life because we are miserable—without resource, and we have done our only son the service of killing him, lest he should become as unfortunate as ourselves. I was almost an eye-witness of a suicide which deserves the attention of all cultivators of physical science.

essai sur les moeurs english translation

A member of the university much attached to Lycophron and the Ethiopian robbers asserts that nothing was more common in the venerable ages of antiquity than to cast a statue of gold in one night, and afterwards throw it into a fire to reduce it to an impalpable powder, in order to be swallowed by a whole people.

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An Essay on Universal History, the Manners, and Spirit of Nations : Voltaire :