Besides, this was the age in which the heavily armoured cavalryman chevalier in French, knight in English dominated war. For the rest, money could only be secured by chicanery; by selling offices or crown lands at the price of a long-term weakening of the monarch ; by robbing the church; by a lucky chance, such as the acquisition of the gold and silver of Mexico and Peru by the king of Spain; or by dealing, on a semi-equal footing, with parliaments or estates, as they were most generally known.
A sufficient revenue had always been one of the chief necessities of monarchybut none of the great European kingdoms, in their autocratic phase, ever succeeded in securing one permanently.
The clergy, like Plato's guardians, were placed in authority For one thingthis invention enormously increased the resources of government. Church gradually became a defining institution of the Roman Empire.
Their style of rule, known as absolute monarchy or absolutismwas a system in which the monarch was supposed to be supreme, in both lawmaking and policy making. Challenges to the Roman Church The size, wealth and power of the church led to increasingly great corruption in the course of the middle ages.