Sickle cell disease an overview essay
For instance, people with SCD have a greater risk of problems with thinking and the lungs. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute SCA is an inherited blood disorder caused by a single point mutation in one of the genes encoding hemoglobin 2. Prenatal tests exist as well, which allow people to tell if their baby has SCD even before it is born.
People with SCD should consider quitting smokingand should try to limit their exposure to tobacco smoke.
Sickle cell disease uk essay
Acute chest syndrome. Sickle red blood cells become hard, sticky and shaped like sickles used to cut wheat. Going by different names related to tribal languages but in a young dental student came to the office of Doctor James B. For instance, people with SCD have a greater risk of problems with thinking and the lungs. Sickle shape cells blocks small blood vessels and makes it hard for blood to flow to each part of the body and eventually parts of the body become damage, like the organs. Shortness of breath and difficulty breathing are common symptoms of this condition, which can be fatal. The sickle cell trait is found in about 72, people in the United States primarily of African descent, also in can located in Asian, Arabian, Caribbean, Indian, Mediterranean, and South and Central Americans. When we are born we are given a hemoglobin A gene from both of our parents. Those with this disease have abnormal hemoglobin in their red blood cells Hemoglobin is a protein that carries oxygen throughout the body which causes red blood cells that are normally disk shaped and flexible to form rods within themselves which creates a crescent or sickle shape See Figure 1. This disease include painful vaso-occlusive crises VOC , stroke, acute chest syndrome, splenic sequestration, chronic pulmonary and renal dysfunction, and avascular necrosis of the joints, it also causes physical stress and psychological stress of illness. But your red blood cells are supposed to be round and soft. This disease makes it to were the blood system does not have enough healthy red blood cells transporting an adequate amount of oxygen throughout the body. Anemia is a condition where there is an inadequate amount of red blood cells or haemoglobin in the blood. Newborns with the diagnosis of sickle cell anemia will have inherited the homozygous HbSS genotype.
This disease affects a huge population that is increasing everyday. But your red blood cells are supposed to be round and soft. This can cause pain. That is because the potentially fatal disease Sickle Cell Anemia can also work as a sort of vaccination for another disease called malaria.
It is inherited when both parents of a child carry the sickle cell trait, referred to as SCT, and cannot be congenital if only one parent is a carrier; though a child may be born with the trait if only one parent is a carrier. It starts out by covering the pathophysiology of the disease and how it functions within the body.
When sickle-shaped cells block small blood vessels, less blood can get to that part of the body. This medicine is not safe during pregnancy.
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