Legal and ethical issues in childcare

The nature of the relationship and the potential that exists to do harm require the child care practitioners to abide by the highest standards of ethical practice.

To make this distinction clearer, we decided to use this March column to look at these two kinds of ethical issues.

example of ethical issue

Third, in rare cases, as discussed further below, clinicians may conclude that doing good for the child requires opposing parental preferences and values. All rights reserved. Decisions About the Criteria for Decisions Many ethical and legal criteria for decisions about end-of-life care are well accepted, although disagreement may exist about how to apply and weigh them in specific situations.

Although physicians usually have the legal and professional authority to prevail, the persistence of unresolved and unacknowledged conflict can compromise the implementation of decisions, damage team members, and subtly sometimes explicitly undermine patient and family trust in team members.

What are the steps in addressing ethical issues in childcare

Decisions About the Criteria for Decisions Many ethical and legal criteria for decisions about end-of-life care are well accepted, although disagreement may exist about how to apply and weigh them in specific situations. The fact is, however, that instead of honoring these responsibilities, even well-meaning and conscientious early childhood educators are sometimes tempted to do what is easiest or what will please others. Ethical Obligations at the Individual Level At the individual level, ethical analyses generally focus on the obligations of clinicians, first, to individual patients and, second and less often, to those close to or responsible for a patient. This principle has precedence over all others in this Code. Our experience tells us that this can be a difficult process, one that many are unsure about. Families of a seriously ill or injured child often must shoulder heavy financial burdens, sometimes extending to job loss, home loss, bankruptcy, and homelessness. The nature of the relationship and the potential that exists to do harm require the child care practitioners to abide by the highest standards of ethical practice. Analyze the dilemma Identify the conflicting responsibilities. Kristen assures them that she will encourage Jane to drink her milk. Over the years that we have been conducting workshops and teaching courses about professional ethics, we have found that early childhood educators do not always know the difference between an ethical responsibility and an ethical dilemma, nor are they sure about how each should be approached. We recommend that you use the process we describe in Chapter 3 of Ethics and the Early Childhood Educator to help you reach a well-reasoned response that systematically applies the Code: 1. The ratios range with the age of the children being supervised and the number of children per staff member goes up as the children get older.

One criterion involves the consideration of quality of life, particularly in decisions made on behalf of a patient who is not able to describe his or her own experience or preferences. Moreover, each section includes an introduction to the primary responsibilities of the early childhood practitioner in that arena, a set of ideals aiming at commendable professional practice, and a set of principles defining practices that are necessary, barred, and acceptable.

Legal and ethical issues in childcare

When physicians and others are identifying, explaining, and weighing the potential benefits and burdens of different courses of care, the implications for quality of life—not just the quantity of life—need attention. It can rarely be resolved quickly or by simply applying rules and relying on facts. We recommend that you use the process we describe in Chapter 3 of Ethics and the Early Childhood Educator to help you reach a well-reasoned response that systematically applies the Code: 1. Child Abuse One of the biggest concerns for parents in choosing a daycare center for their child is how well the children are treated, even if they have done something to deserve discipline. Each of the Focus on Ethics columns in Young Children presents an ethical issue and asks our readers to determine how an early childhood educator might best respond to it. Other Treatments Interventions such as resuscitation and mechanical ventilation are usually intended to sustain life temporarily, for example, when a patient is incapacitated as a result of surgery or injury and when recovery or prolonged meaningful life is a realistic goal. We shall not participate in practices that are emotionally damaging, physically harmful, disrespectful, degrading, dangerous, exploitative, or intimidating to children. Over the years that we have been conducting workshops and teaching courses about professional ethics, we have found that early childhood educators do not always know the difference between an ethical responsibility and an ethical dilemma, nor are they sure about how each should be approached. Some involve routine elements of patient care, for example, how much physicians and certain nonphysicians should be paid for informing and educating patients compared to performing surgery or other procedures. Jane sobs uncontrollably. Child Supervision Keeping the children safe involves watching them at all times of the day to ensure nothing bad or drastic happens.

The allocation of resources for medical care is just one element of a broader set of issues of about the allocation of community resources and responsibilities. You can rely on it to help you explain why you made a difficult or unpopular decision. Federal trial and appellate courts held that emergency care could not be denied under the federal Emergency Medicine and Active Labor Act.

Palliative uses may, however, trigger disputes with insurers that argue that such care is not covered. For example, in the state of New York, one adult staff member can be responsible for up to three babies under six weeks old or up to nine five-year-old children.

Ohio Guidelines for Group Homes Each daycare center must work to provide a healthy, safe environment for children or the staff could face serious legal repercussions.

ethical responsibilities to families
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Legal and Ethical Issues in Childcare Essay Example