A literary analysis of the trilogy the oresteia by aeschylus

The gods, however, were not easily tricked and so banished Tantalus to the Underworld and brought his son back to life.

agamemnon play

The trial of Orestes is used as the explanation for the formation for the court system. I think they are more than just characters and plot elements. However, it is widely believed to have been based on the story told in Book IV of Homer 's Odysseywhere Menelaus, Agamemnon's brother, attempts to return home from Troy and finds himself on an island off Egypt, "whither he seems to have been carried by the storm described in Agam.

He encounters his embittered, grieving sister Electra, who encourages him to kill both Clytemnestra and Aegisthus. And nope, we don't source our examples from our editing service!

Oresteia sparknotes

He encounters his embittered, grieving sister Electra, who encourages him to kill both Clytemnestra and Aegisthus. When his jealous wife Clytaemnestra and his cousin Aegisthus kill Agamemnon, the king of Argos, it is up to his long lost son Orestes, to avenge his death. She then changes their names from the Furies to "the Eumenides" which means "the Kindly Ones". As Aegisthus attempts to take the credit for what they did, Clytemnestra urges him to speak calmly, saying now that their long-troubled kingdom can now live in peace. Areopagus - the council of elders - was a stronghold of the aristocracy until the establishment of a democratic order. Through much pressure from Electra and his cousin Pylades Orestes eventually kills his mother Clytemnestra and her lover Aegisthus in "The Libation Bearers". The gods, however, were not easily tricked and so banished Tantalus to the Underworld and brought his son back to life. Edith Hamilton. Schlegel, August W. In Oresteia: Agamemnon, Achilles is long dead, and Agamemnon is returning home from the war. For me, I found my interest piqued in the mythological elements present in The Eumenides and what they represent in the story. To put it simply, the curse demands blood for blood, a never ending cycle of murder within the family. Agamemnon is, seemingly perceived, as the sacrificial lamb, making him all the more admirable to those around him. The old tradition of justice, the private blood feud, caused an ungoverned succession of violent acts that spiralled uncontrollably. Did you find something inaccurate, misleading, abusive, or otherwise problematic in this essay example?

As they attempted to sail for Troy, the Greek armies found there was no wind. Apollo in his speech at the trial blames Clytemnestra of the murder of a man, that in his opinion is much worse than the murder of a woman, even a mother. Before Aeschylus, Greek tragic drama is thought to have been largely choral reading, with only one individual character on stage at a time.

Oresteia pdf

Leading up to here, we can see that the curse of the House of Atreus was one forged from murder and deceit, and continued in this way for generations through the family line. He declares the trials of his family to be at an end, but then discovers that he's being pursued by the Eumenides, ancient goddesses of natural justice who consider what he's done a son killing his mother to be the most heinous of all crimes. The Iliad acts as book ends to the transformation of blood justice to a trial by jury as presented by The Oresteia; and that transformation positively influences how Western culture deals with justice. Schlegel, August W. Athena establishes the system of court trials after its success in resolving Orestes case. This does not mean that Agamemnon was not morally responsible. Update this section! Nevertheless, we can still use some of his remaining tragedy plays to find out why he composed them, and what he tried to tell the audiences. Throughout history, the transition of multifaceted judicial systems correspondingly evolves as society does. After Orestes begged Athena for deliverance from 'the Erinyes ,' she granted him his request in the form of a trial. The first play of the trilogy, titled Agamemnon, takes place several years after these events. Obeying the will of Apollo , and inspired by his sister Electra and friend Pylades , Orestes kills Clytemnestra. The plot of The Eumenides pits Orestes and Apollo representing the male gods and, to a certain extent, male values in general against the ghost of Clytemnestra and the Furies equally representative of female values. Why does Clytaemnestra associate her tempting of Agamemnon to tread on the crimson tapestries with the working out of Justice?

Yet, legislation was not without its problems. Why does Aeschylus have Orestes undertake the killings by himself and have Electra completely withdraw from the action of the play? In doing so, he created an enduring dramatic representation of the human and supra-human elements that must be held in carefully tuned and sometimes precarious balance to ensure a just civic order.

The eumenides

Some Aeschylus' characters are silent, because of the need to share all replicas between the two actors; however, in the "Oresteia" in the action is involved the third actor, introduced by Sophocles, Aeschylus still is not accustomed to using this new innovation: although the three actors are present on the scene, but in a conversation usually only two persons are involved. The Iliad acts as book ends to the transformation of blood justice to a trial by jury as presented by The Oresteia; and that transformation positively influences how Western culture deals with justice. Apollo in his speech at the trial blames Clytemnestra of the murder of a man, that in his opinion is much worse than the murder of a woman, even a mother. Multiple works show the positivity of neutrality and the negativity of strong feelings. In the Oresteia justice works much differently, where there are no judges or a court system to resolve disputes, instead there is revenge. For example, in " Libation Bearers " in the third episode three characters are taking part: Orestes, Pylades and Clytemnestra, but Pylades enters into the conversation once with a short remark. Progressively, the suffering that each of the main characters inflicts is weighed more and more heavily against the suffering that each undergoes in carrying out violence. The example essays in Kibin's library were written by real students for real classes. Clytemnestra is another character that is able to be analyzed in terms of moral responsibility, her premeditated killing of Agamemnon was an act of revenge and allows for us to see her as morally responsible for her husband's death. Areopagus - the council of elders - was a stronghold of the aristocracy until the establishment of a democratic order. In honor of the Erinyes in Athens a cult established, but they will be worshipped now under the name of the Eumenides, supportive goddess, givers of fertility. Hamlet's hamartia in William Shakespeare's Hamlet leads to his succumbing to corruption and his eventual demise. Edith Hamilton. First the citizens must agree upon what is just and unjust, and then enforce the law by bringing the unjust to reconcile their guilt with the public through trial, and finally dispense the appropriate penalty.

This value is also shown in the following plays of the Oresteia trilogy, further cementing the value of his character. Did you find something inaccurate, misleading, abusive, or otherwise problematic in this essay example?

the oresteia trilogy

It shall be untouched by money making, grave but quick to wrath, watchful to protect those who sleep a sentry on the land.

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